Despite new laws to keep people from voting and gerrymandering election districts to take away the
power of minority communities, the Republican “red wave” that pollsters predicted ahead of last
week’s midterms didn’t happen.
Ethnic Media Services debriefed six experts on their reactions to the election results and what should
be done to prepare for the 2024 election.
“Voters of color were very concerned about the state of their lives beyond the economy,” said Sergio
I. García-Rios, assistant professor at the University of Texas at Austin and former director of Polling
and Data at Univision News. “A second concern in all of our polls was gun safety, and mass shootings
and also security along the border.”
García-Rios said that President Biden’s message about saving democracy resonated with voters of
color concerned about rising extremism. But they also sent Democrats a message: “We’re
disappointed with both parties.”
That theme was picked up by Christine Chen, executive director of Asian Pacific Islander American
Vote (APIAVote), who says the number of Asian American voters who eschew both parties is
growing. APIAVote conducts an annual survey of Asian American and Pacific Islander voters.
“We noticed that there’s an increasing number of independent voters among the Asian American
electorate, 35% overall, and the Chinese actually had the largest percentage at 47%. Even the
Vietnamese, who support Republicans at a higher rate than any other Asian ethnic group, are losing
party identification to independents,” Chen said.
Driving many black women were concerns around safety, said Karma Cottman, who leads Ujima,
which focuses on violence targeting women in the black community. “Safety for us as women, safety
for us as members of the black community, overlaid with what safety looks like in terms of physical
and financial safety so we are able to take care of our families.”
Cottman pointed to down ballot elections, noting strong support for black female candidates. “We
were voting up and down ballot for black women,” she said.
Voter intimidation, meanwhile, did not prove to be a major issue this election, says Gowri
Ramachandran, senior counsel of the Brennan Center’s Democracy program. “We had law
enforcement leaders in some communities coming out and saying, look, intimidation of voters and of
election workers is not going to be tolerated,” she said.
Exit polls showed Republicans gaining ground in support among African Americans, Latinos, and
Asian Americans. While support for Democrats remained high among women and young voters,
Cottman echoed those who say Democrats spent too much time trying to flip predominantly white
districts instead of investing resources in communities of color.
While Democrats maintained control of the Senate following a narrow win this weekend by Nevada’s
Catherine Cortez Masto, control of the House remains in question, though Republicans have the
Common Cause National Redistricting Director Kathay Feng says extreme gerrymandering was a
decisive factor in Republicans’ strong showing in states like Ohio and Florida and will be key should
they retake the House.
In red states where the state legislature controls redistricting and Republican governors approve the
maps they draw, the fight for fair maps is a David vs Goliath proposition. But in North Carolina and
Minnesota, courts forced district maps to be redone. And in New Mexico, Native Americans
threatened to blockade the commission if it didn’t redraw the Navajo districts. They did so.
Feng, who has been at the center of efforts to challenge partisan gerrymandering through litigation
and state-based organizing around ballot initiatives and legislation, says citizens have been able to
get maps drawn fairly where election commissions do the redistricting.
“Across the board we saw many improvements,” she noted, pointing to states like California,
Michigan and Colorado.
In Michigan, voters passed a measure in 2018 to create an independent Redistricting Commission. It
has made a big difference there. State Representative Joe Tate is likely to become the first black
speaker of the Michigan House. In Detroit and nearby suburbs, an African American is going to be
representing this district for the first time in Washington. And in Michigan’s 12th Congressional
District, incumbent Democrat Rashida Tlaib, who is Palestinian American, will be representing her
newly configured district.
In Colorado, the Citizens Redistricting Board meeting for the first time drew a Congressional district
with a 40% Latino population. “And that district, the Congressional 8th, elected for the first time a
Latina representative to be part of the Congressional Colorado delegation,” Feng said.
“It’s significant to note that in each of these states there has been tremendous participation by
communities of color to come out and talk about where those communities are, to talk about the
growth, and to make sure that the lines are truly reflective of those communities,” she added.
Feng drew a sharp comparison with the growth of Latino populations in Texas and the black
population in Florida. “Those communities were sliced and diced up so that the growth was not
represented, or the historic representation was essentially dismantled. So, we see a significant
difference between the states that have commissions of some form or another and those that do not,”
Feng likened redistricting to fixing democracy’s clogged plumbing.
“You don’t want to know what’s in there. You don’t want to look at it. And when it bursts, it’s a mess.
And that’s why you’ve got to fix it before you have that disaster… and because so many communities
participated in redistricting, this time round, we saw a lot of that plumbing get fixed.”